Pablo Picasso Blue Period

Pablo Picasso, La View, 1903 Pablo Picasso, La View, 1903.

Pablo Picasso Blue Period (1901-1904) and his Paintings:

Hailed as a defining moment in Pablo Picasso’s artistic career, The Blue Period (1901-1904) was inspired by Picasso’s own emotional turmoil and financial destitution. Following a journey through Spain and the suicide of his close friend and confidant Carlos Casagemas (1881-1901) in February 1901, Picasso’s work took a dramatic turn. Casagemas, a poet, fell victim to unrequited love and ultimately took his own life after attempting to kill his scorned lover. His suicide had a deep and profound affect on Picasso, who was struggling as an unrecognized and poverty-stricken artist living in Paris at the time.

Beginning with several paintings memorializing Casagemas in late 1901, Pablo Picasso’s themes grew solemn and dark. He adopted a nearly monochromatic palette of blues and blue greens and began to convey somber scenes of misery and misfortune. The monochromatic use of blue was commonly used in symbolist paintings in Spain and France, where it was often affiliated with the emotions of melancholy and despair, suggesting that Picasso drew inspiration for The Blue Period from his time spent in Spain observing these symbolist works.

“Picasso metaphorically allows his subjects to escape their fate and occupy a utopian state of grace. Some are afflicted with blindness, a physical condition that symbolically suggests the presence of spiritual inner vision.”

The Blue Period also directed Picasso’s attention to subjects of misfortune: beggars, drunks, prostitutes, and the crippled, hungry, sick, and destitute. However, rather than show the specific circumstances of their misfortune, Picasso elongated his subjects’ forms, endowing them with a unique sense of haunting beauty and supernatural grace. As the National Gallery of Art (2014) suggests, by idealizing these figures, “Picasso metaphorically allows his subjects to escape their fate and occupy a utopian state of grace. Some are afflicted with blindness, a physical condition that symbolically suggests the presence of spiritual inner vision.”

Pablo Picasso, The Soup, 1902 Pablo Picasso, The Soup, 1902.

Throughout the Blue Period, Pablo Picasso produced many works addressing symbolic, philosophical, and humanitarian themes. La Vie, one of Picasso’s most iconic and mysterious works, has been interpreted (and disputed) by historians as an allegorical reference to birth, death, and redemption, the responsibilities of daily life, sexual incompatibility, and the struggles behind artistic creativity. A nude couple and a robed woman cradling a baby stand ominously before two paintings that depict figures crouched over in despair. The composition is stilted, the space compressed, the gestures stiff, and the tones predominantly blue – features characteristic of works from Picasso’s Blue Period. La Vie began as a self-portrait, but Picasso soon found his own features transforming to those of his lost friend Casagemas (the male figure on the left), perhaps suggesting the very personal nature of this work.

Pablo Picasso, The Tragedy, 1903 Pablo Picasso, The Tragedy, 1903.

While Picasso worked predominantly as a painter during The Blue Period, he also created phenomenal prints in the style of The Blue Period. These marvelous prints are often created after the image of renowned Picasso paintings, such as The Embrace and The Two Saltimbanques (Harlequin and his Companion). Picasso also incorporated pochoir, or hand-applied watercolor, to the majority of these prints, further contributing a sense of texture and emotion. Picasso’s journey into the dark depths of The Blue Period transformed his career as an artist. As a result, these prints, created in the style of The Blue Period, are amongst Picasso’s most valuable and desirable prints in today’s market. While The Blue Period ultimately defined Picasso as a modern artist, it serves as a reflection of Picasso’s own melancholy nature during a difficult period in his life. Furthermore, it highlights Picasso’s immense ability as an artist to channel his own misery and hardship into a revolutionary form of artistic expression.

REFERENCES:

Picasso Blue Period Piece "La Grommeuse, 1901" Reveals Hidden Wonder

By on 25 Feb 2018

A delightful and significant surprise was discovered in 2000, when a conservator uncovered a previously unknown painting on the backside of the canvas of Picasso Blue Period work La Gommeuse, 1901. The painting was of Picasso’s friend and then art dealer, Pere Mañach. Mañach is depicted wearing a red and yellow turban with his body contorted into a position evocative of the sexual positions in the Kama Sutra. Mañach is urinating onto the landscape dotted with flowers. The image is inscribed “Recuerdo a Mañach en el día de su santo”, detailing that the painting was given to Mañach to celebrate his Saint’s Day on June 29th. Another, more official, portrait of Pere Mañach was completed in 1901 and hangs in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC.

Picasso Blue Period Piece "La Grommeuse, 1901" Reveals Hidden Wonder

From here, there are a few narratives to explain how the painting ended up in the hands of Ambroise Vollard, Picasso’s art dealer, in 1906. Some scholars suggest that both paintings, La Gommeuse, 1901 and its reverse were given as a present to Mañach, who was insulted by his portrait and gave the painting away after some time. This takes into consideration the scholarship that details the Picasso Mañach friendship as full of difficulty, particularly during that time when Picasso was supposedly unhappy with some of Mañach’s business dealings. The other narrative supposes that the portrait of Mañach was given and then had to be reclaimed by Picasso so that he could use the other side of the expensive canvas for La Gommeuse, 1901. This story tells of the difficulty of being a young artist struggling financially in Paris in the early 20th century.

Picasso Blue Period Piece "La Grommeuse, 1901" Reveals Hidden Wonder
Pablo Picasso Pedro Mañach, 1901

Both sides of the painting are special and significant. La Gommeuse, 1901 is an exemplary Picasso Blue Period piece, combining the coloration of the period with the intimate subject matter of Parisian demi-monde performers. The woman, with rounded shoulders, stands naked against the wall of Picasso’s studio where another painting hangs. Gommeuse is a French word with sexual connotations used to describe café singers and performers.

The painting was sold at Sotheby’s Auction House in 2015 for $67.5 million.

References:

Brown, Mark. “Blue period Picasso – with a little secret – goes under the hammer,” The Guardian. October 9, 2015. https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2015/oct/09/picasso-la-gommeuse-blue-period-auction

Ghorashi, Hannah. “Sotheby’s Announces Sale of Rare Double-Sided Picasso, Monet Masterpiece,” ArtNews. October 9, 2015. http://www.artnews.com/2015/10/09/sothebys-announces-sale-of-rare-double-sided-picasso-monet-masterpiece/

Pogrebin, Robin. “Warmer Response at Sotheby’s 2nd Night of Auctions,” The New York Times. November 6, 2015. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/06/arts/design/warmer-response-at-sothebys-2nd-night-of-auctions.html?_r=0

Singh, Anita. “The US  billionaire who got two Picassos for the price of one,” The Telegraph. October 9, 2015. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/art/artsales/11922971/The-US-billionaire-who-got-two-Picassos-for-the-price-of-one.html

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