Chagall, Marc, Chloe from Daphnis & Chloe, 1960
Signed Marc Chagall, Lithograph, Chloe from Daphnis & Chloe, 1960
|Artist:||Chagall, Marc (1887 - 1985)|
|Title:||Chloe from Daphnis & Chloe, 1960|
Original Color Lithograph on Arches Wove Paper
|Image Size:||16 7/10 in x 12 7/10 in (42.5 cm x 32.3 cm)|
|Sheet Size:||21 3/10 in x 14 9/10 in (54 cm x 37.8 cm)|
|Framed Size:||33 1/4 in x 28 1/4 in (84.5 cm x 71.8 cm)|
|Signed:||This work is hand-signed by Marc Chagall (Vitebsk, 1887 - Saint-Paul, 1985) in pencil in the lower right margin.|
|Edition:||Numbered 46/60 in pencil in the lower left margin.|
|Condition:||This work is in excellent condition with bright colors throughout.|
|Gallery Price: |
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Considered by Fernand Mourlot to be one of "the most important graphic works that Marc Chagall has created thus far," this piece is one of the stunning lithographs within the illustrated work of Daphnis & Chloe. Chagall dedicated 3 years to this project and undertook a series of lithographs that perhaps defined his career, making these pieces "a work of notable importance which, unquestionably, can be placed at the top of the list of illustrated works of our time" (Mourlot 131). Daphnis and Chloe, the two romantic heroes of Greek writer, Longus, are two childhood friends who undergo the trials and tribulations of growing up and, consequently, falling in love.
In this color lithograph, Chagall focuses solely on Chole in a dreamy country setting. Utilizing dreamlike imagery and vibrant colors, the sun is high in the sky as Chloe seems to lie in a green field surrounded by trees and pink flowers. Perhaps lost in a dream, Chloe seems at perfect harmony with the world around her, a testament to the masterful skills of Chagall.
Created in 1960, Chloe is one of 42 lithographs contained in the illustrated book, Daphnis and Chloe, printed by Tériade Éditeur, Paris. Hand-signed by Marc Chagall (Vitebsk, 1887 - Saint-Paul, 1985) in pencil in the lower right, the piece is printed on Arches wove paper and numbered 46/60 in pencil in the lower left (there is also an unsigned edition without margins).
Catalogue Raisonné & COA:
1. Cramer, Patrick. Marc Chagall, The Illustrated Books: Catalogue Raisonnè, Geneva, 1995. Listed as as cat. no. 46 on pg. 154, illustrated on pg 160.
2. Gauss, Ulrike, ed. Marc Chagall: The Lithographs, La Collection Sorlier, Stuttgart, 1960. Listed as catalogue raisonné no. 339 on pg.138, and illustrated on pg. 169.
3. Sorlier, C. (1984). Chagall Lithographs, Vol. II 1957-1962. Crown Publishers: NY. Listed and illustrated as catalogue raisonné no 339 on pgs. 154-155, with details on pg. 131.
4. A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany this work.
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Biography of Marc Chagall
Marc Chagall was born July 7, 1887, in Vitebsk, Russia. From 1907 to 1910, he studied in Saint Petersburg, at the Imperial Society for the Protection of the Arts and later with Léon Bakst. In 1910, he moved to Paris, where he associated with Guillaume Apollinaire and Robert Delaunay and encountered Fauvism and Cubism. He participated in the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon d'Automne in 1912. His first solo show was held in 1914 at Der Sturm gallery in Berlin.
Chagall visited Russia in 1914, and was prevented from returning to Paris by the outbreak of war. He settled in Vitebsk, where he was appointed Commissar for Art in 1918. He founded the Vitebsk Popular Art School and directed it until disagreements with the Suprematists resulted in his resignation in 1920. He moved to Moscow and executed his first stage designs for the State Jewish Chamber Theater there. After a sojourn in Berlin, Chagall returned to Paris in 1923 and met Ambroise Vollard. His first retrospective took place in 1924 at the Galerie Barbazanges-Hodebert, Paris. During the 1930s, he traveled to Palestine, the Netherlands, Spain, Poland, and Italy. In 1933, the Kunsthalle Basel held a major retrospective of his work.
During World War II, Chagall fled to the United States. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, gave him a retrospective in 1946. He settled permanently in France in 1948 and exhibited in Paris, Amsterdam, and London. During 1951, he visited Israel and executed his first sculptures. The following year, the artist traveled in Greece and Italy. During the 1960s, Chagall continued to travel widely, often in association with large-scale commissions he received. Among these were windows for the synagogue of the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, installed in 1962; a ceiling for the Paris Opéra, installed in 1964; a window for the United Nations building, New York, installed in 1964; murals for the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, installed in 1967; and windows for the cathedral in Metz, France, installed in 1968. An exhibition of the artist's work from 1967 to 1977 was held at the Musée du Louvre, Paris, in 1977-78, and a major retrospective was held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in 1985. During his lifetime he also created popular lithographs, such as Maternity. Chagall died March 28, 1985, in Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France.
"When Matisse dies," Pablo Picasso remarked, "Chagall will be the only painter left who understands what color really is." Picasso claimed he was not a fan of the "flying violins and all the folklore, but his canvases are really painted, not just thrown together." He followed up by saying, "There's never been anybody since Renoir who has the feeling for light that Chagall has."
The Haggerty Museum describes The Bible Chagall prints as showing "Chagall's fluid forms, dreamlike sense of space and unique style. In his choice of subject matter, Chagall reveals his reading of the Old Testament in its moments of triumph, sorrow, and prophecy."