Rembrandt, Harmensz van Rijn, Woman with the Arrow, c. 1661
Harmensz van Rijn Rembrandt, Etching, Woman with the Arrow, c. 1661
|Artist:||Rembrandt, Harmensz van Rijn (1606 - 1669)|
|Title:||Woman with the Arrow, c. 1661|
|Image Size:||8 in x 4 7/8 in (20.3 cm x 12.4 cm)|
|Sheet Size:||8 in x 4 7/8 in (20.3 cm x 12.4 cm)|
|Framed Size:||25 in x 21 9/10 in (63.5 cm x 55.5 cm)|
|Signed:||This work is signed by Harmensz van Rijn Rembrandt (Leiden, 1606 - Amsterdam, 1669) in the plate in the lower left corner, 'Rembrandt f. 1661.'|
|Edition:||According to Nowell-Usticke, a State II (of III) impression; this work is printed on a fine laid paper with the Amsterdam Figure watermark dating to c. 1769 ; White & Boon State II (of II); Münz State II (of III). A rare print with less than 50 impressions thought to exist.|
|Condition:||This work is in very good condition.|
|Gallery Price: |
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This alluring etching depicts a subject whose source remains a mystery. Scholars have posited that Rembrandt's Woman with the Arrow is possibly a representation of Cleopatra, seen from the viewpoint of her Antony (White & Boon, 98). Others postulate that the artist created this image of a woman seated with her back turned as a book illustration (Hind, 25). The rarity of the print, however, is not contested; less than 50 examples are thought to exist.
Rembrandt creates a masterful and enigmatic portrait of a woman caught in a silent moment. Turning her back from the viewer, the subject conceals her emotional state from us. Minute cross-hatching and delicate shading - trademarks of Rembrandt's graphic work - create nuanced forms. The muscles in the woman's back stand out, as do the folds in the fabric wrapped around her. In this last print dated in the plate by Rembrandt, a lifetime of experience shines out.
Created circa 1661, this original etching is signed in the plate by Harmensz van Rijn Rembrandt (Leiden, 1606 - Amsterdam, 1669), 'Rembrandt f. 1661.' According to Nowell-Usticke, this work is a State II (of III) impression; a White & Boon State II (of II); and a M?nz State II (of III). This work is printed on a fine laid paper with the Amsterdam Figure watermark dating to c. 1769. This plate, which no longer exists is, "Of the greatest rarity. A much sought after plate" (Bartsch 202).
Catalogue Raisonné & COA:
1. Bartsch. The Illustrated Bartsch Vol. 50. Edited by Stephanie S. Dickey.
New York: Abaris Books, 1981. Illustrated as catalogue raisonné no. 202
(another example illustrated) on p. 162.
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Biography of Harmensz van Rijn Rembrandt
Rembrandt was born in Leiden and died in Amsterdam. He was the son of a miller and a baker's daughter, and was originally intended to become a scholar. He went to Latin School and then enrolled at the University of Leiden. After only a year he left to become apprenticed from 1622 to 1624 to a mediocre Leiden painter, Jacob van Swanenburgh. More important for his artistic development, however, was the short period of about six months that he spent training under Pieter Lastman in Amsterdam. In 1625 he began a working association with his friend Jan Lievens in Leiden, finally moving to Amsterdam in 1631/32. In the history of Dutch painting this date represents an important milestone, as Rembrandt was to become the incomparable representative of Amsterdam art. He soon established himself in Amsterdam, received many commissions and opened a large workshop. In 1634 he married Saskia, a lawyer's daughter, who brought a considerable dowry into the marriage.
In 1639 he bought a large house, never quite paid for, which he filled with works of art and curios. Soon his passion for collecting exceeded his finances. In 1642, the year he painted "The Night Watch" Saskia died, and from 1649 he lived with Hendrickje Stoffels whom he could not marry without losing Saskia's legacy to their son Titus. In 1656 he went bankrupt, and his house and all possessions were put up for compulsory auction. Rembrandt spent his final years in poverty and isolation in rooms on the outskirts of Amsterdam, his powers of creation undiminished.
Rembrandt was the most universal artist of his time and he influenced painting for half a century, irrespective of schools or regional style. From his many fields of activity his pupils developed their own specialties, ranging from trompe l'oeil painting to the very detailed Leiden style. Unlike most Dutch painters of the time, who worked in fairly narrow fields, Rembrandt depicted almost every type of subject.
Although Amsterdam's leading portraitist for a decade ("Jan Six", Amsterdam, Foundation Six), also doing group portraits (The Staalmeesters," he was a painter of numerous biblical scenes ("The Sacrifice of Isacc," St. Petersburgh, Hermitage), of the mythological works works ("Philemon and Baucis", Washington, National Gallery) and landscapes ("Landscape in Thunders Brunswik, Herzog-Utrich-Museum) as well at life. In his work, branches of painting often overlapped, as for example in the group portrait "The Night Watch," where he took liberties with a number of rules. Rembrandt's fame rests on his continual development of pictorial devices and unvarying excellence of execution (unlike the works of Rubens, man which were left in part to workshop routine), a well as on his brilliant handling of light and shade and his ability to suggest states of mind through facial expression.
Apart from his greatness as a painter he was a powerful draughtsman and etcher. About 300 of these Rembrandt etchings survive. In this field he extended the technique and artistic possibilities, for example introducing the chiaroscuro effect, raising it to an art for in its own right. Amongst his approximately 15 drawings, the landscape scenes are particularly captivating in their serenity and harmony. Rembrandt's The Hundred Guilder Print is one of his most valuable and sought after etchings.