Chagall, Marc, Tamar Daughter-in-Law of Judah from The Bible, 1960
Signed Marc Chagall, Lithograph, Tamar Daughter-in-Law of Judah from The Bible, 1960
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|Artist:||Chagall, Marc (1887 - 1985)|
|Title:||Tamar Daughter-in-Law of Judah from The Bible, 1960|
Original color lithograph on Arches wove paper
|Image Size:||14 in x 10 1/2 in (35.6 cm x 26.7 cm)|
|Sheet Size:||19 1/4 in x 15 in (48.9 cm x 38.1 cm)|
|Framed Size:||Approx. 32 in x 28 1/4 in (81.3 cm x 71.8 cm)|
|Signed:||This work is hand signed by Marc Chagall (Vitebsk, 1887- Saint-Paul, 1985) in pencil in the lower right margin.|
|Edition:||Numbered 6/50 in pencil in the lower left margin (from the numbered edition of 50).|
|Condition:||This work is in excellent condition with bright, saturated colors throughout.|
|Gallery Price: |
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Desperate to have a child within her late husband's family line, Tamar is denied this right by her husband's brothers. Learning that her father-in-law is going on a trip, Tamar seizes the opportunity. Donning a veil and disguising herself as a prostitute, she tricks Judah into sleeping with her. As payment, she takes his staff, seal and cord until he can provide her with a goat. She disappears with his belongings but, three months later when she is condemned to death due to her extramarital pregnancy. After sending Judah his effects to reveal the identity of the father, Tamar is saved from him, and goes on to give birth to twins. This intricate family history in which the woman takes an active role is particularly interesting. Chagall understood that Tamar's power lies in her hidden identity and in her control of her sexuality. By foregrounding her voluminous figure, he emphasizes her central role.
Created in 1960, this original color lithograph was featured as part of a series of 24 color prints made by Marc Chagall to illustrate The Bible. Published by Verve, Paris and printed by Mourlot, Paris on Arches wove paper, this work is numbered 6/50 in pencil in the lower left margin (from the numbered edition of 50) and hand-signed by Marc Chagall (1887 - 1985) in pencil in the lower right margin.
|Style:||20th Century Modern Master, Lovers, French and Russian|
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Biography of Marc Chagall
Marc Chagall was born July 7, 1887, in Vitebsk, Russia. From 1907 to 1910, he studied in Saint Petersburg, at the Imperial Society for the Protection of the Arts and later with Léon Bakst. In 1910, he moved to Paris, where he associated with Guillaume Apollinaire and Robert Delaunay and encountered Fauvism and Cubism. He participated in the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon d'Automne in 1912. His first solo show was held in 1914 at Der Sturm gallery in Berlin.
Chagall visited Russia in 1914, and was prevented from returning to Paris by the outbreak of war. He settled in Vitebsk, where he was appointed Commissar for Art in 1918. He founded the Vitebsk Popular Art School and directed it until disagreements with the Suprematists resulted in his resignation in 1920. He moved to Moscow and executed his first stage designs for the State Jewish Chamber Theater there. After a sojourn in Berlin, Chagall returned to Paris in 1923 and met Ambroise Vollard. His first retrospective took place in 1924 at the Galerie Barbazanges-Hodebert, Paris. During the 1930s, he traveled to Palestine, the Netherlands, Spain, Poland, and Italy. In 1933, the Kunsthalle Basel held a major retrospective of his work.
During World War II, Chagall fled to the United States. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, gave him a retrospective in 1946. He settled permanently in France in 1948 and exhibited in Paris, Amsterdam, and London. During 1951, he visited Israel and executed his first sculptures. The following year, the artist traveled in Greece and Italy. During the 1960s, Chagall continued to travel widely, often in association with large-scale commissions he received. Among these were windows for the synagogue of the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, installed in 1962; a ceiling for the Paris Opéra, installed in 1964; a window for the United Nations building, New York, installed in 1964; murals for the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, installed in 1967; and windows for the cathedral in Metz, France, installed in 1968. An exhibition of the artist's work from 1967 to 1977 was held at the Musée du Louvre, Paris, in 1977-78, and a major retrospective was held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in 1985. During his lifetime he also created popular lithographs, such as Maternity. Chagall died March 28, 1985, in Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France.
"When Matisse dies," Pablo Picasso remarked, "Chagall will be the only painter left who understands what color really is." Picasso claimed he was not a fan of the "flying violins and all the folklore, but his canvases are really painted, not just thrown together." He followed up by saying, "There's never been anybody since Renoir who has the feeling for light that Chagall has."
The Haggerty Museum describes The Bible Chagall prints as showing "Chagall's fluid forms, dreamlike sense of space and unique style. In his choice of subject matter, Chagall reveals his reading of the Old Testament in its moments of triumph, sorrow, and prophecy."