van Dyck, Anthony, Simon de Vos, c. 1641
Anthony van Dyck, Engraving, Simon de Vos, c. 1641
|Artist:||van Dyck, Anthony (1599 - 1641)|
|Title:||Simon de Vos, c. 1641|
|Image Size:||9 1/2 in x 6 1/8 in (24.1 cm x 15.6 cm)|
|Framed Size:||23 in x 19 5/8 in (58.4 cm x 49.8 cm)|
|Signed:||Signed in the plate 'Ant. van Dyck Pinxcit', in the low er left; also signed "Paul du Pont fculp" in the lower left.|
|Edition:||A Mauquoy-Hendrickx State VI (of VIII) before the Giles Hendrickx edition, engraved by Paul du Pont (Antwerp, 1603 - Antwerp, 1658) in collaboration with Anthony van Dyck (Antwerp, 1559 - London, 1641).|
|Condition:||This work is in very good condition.|
Part of Van Dyck's "Iconographie" series, this portrait truly captures the essence of its subject. As a painter of "low life" genre scenes, De Vos appears as a proud but fun-loving character with his wild hair, pointed moustache, and elaborately draped garb.
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|A wonderfully detailed and charismatic portrait, this exquisite work illustrates
the technical mastery and artistic vision of Van Dyck. Simon de Vos' stately
yet approachable expression reflects Van Dyck's refined ability to comfort and
relax his subjects, resulting in a realistic and acute portrait. De Vos was
a painter who studied under Cornelis de Vos (1603-76). After traveling in Rome,
De Vos became influenced by the "low life" genre paintings of the
Bentvueghels and the Bambocciate who depicted scenes of peasant life and revelry,
often coming together in social meetings to pay tribute to Bacchus. After this
phase, De Vos turned away from genre scenes altogether and painted small cabinet
paintings of history subjects. As a follower of Bacchus, we sense of hint of
De Vos' reckless, fun-loving nature in this portrait. With his wild hair, pointed
moustache, and elaborately draped garb, we can almost imagine De Vos in the
midst of a Bacchanal celebration.
1) Mauquoy-Hendrickx. L'Iconographie d'Antoine Van Dyck: Catalogue Raisonne
I. Bruxelles: Bibliotheque Royale Albert I, 1991. Listed as catalogue no. 69
on pg. 146.
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Biography of Anthony van Dyck
Sir Anthony van Dyck was a Flemish painter who was one of the most important and prolific portraitists of the 17th century. He is also considered to be one of the most brilliant colorists in the history of art.
Van Dyck was born on March 22, 1599, in Antwerp, son of a rich silk merchant, and his precocious artistic talent was already obvious at age 11, when he was apprenticed to the Flemish historical painter Hendrik van Balen. He was admitted to the Antwerp guild of painters in 1618, before his 19th birthday. He spent the next two years as a member of the workshop of the Flemish painter Peter Paul Rubens in Antwerp. Van Dyck's work during this period is in the lush, exuberant style of Rubens, and several paintings attributed to Rubens have since been ascribed to van Dyck.
From 1620 to 1627 van Dyck traveled in Italy, where he was in great demand as a portraitist and where he developed his maturing style. He toned down the Flemish robustness of his early work to concentrate on a more dignified, elegant manner. In his portraits of Italian aristocrats—men on prancing horses, ladies in black gowns—he created idealized figures with proud, erect stances, slender figures, and the famous expressive “van Dyck” hands. Influenced by the great Venetian painters Titian, Paolo Veronese, and Giovanni Bellini, he adopted colors of great richness and jewel-like purity. No other painter of the age surpassed van Dyck at portraying the shimmering whites of satin, the smooth blues of silk, or the rich crimsons of velvet. He was the quintessential painter of aristocracy, and was particularly successful in Genoa. There he showed himself capable of creating brilliantly accurate likenesses of his subjects, while he also developed a repertoire of portrait types that served him well in his later work at the court of Charles I of England.
Back in Antwerp from 1627 to 1632, van Dyck worked as a portraitist and a painter of church pictures. In 1632 he settled in London as chief court painter to King Charles I, who knighted him shortly after his arrival. Van Dyck painted most of the English aristocracy of the time, and his style became lighter and more luminous, with thinner paint and more sparkling highlights in gold and silver. At the same time, his portraits occasionally showed a certain hastiness or superficiality as he hurried to satisfy his flood of commissions. In 1635 van Dyck painted his masterpiece, Charles I in Hunting Dress (Louvre, Paris), a standing figure emphasizing the haughty grace of the monarch.
Van Dyck was one of the most influential 17th-century painters. He set a new style for Flemish art and founded the English school of painting; the portraitists Sir Joshua Reynolds and Thomas Gainsborough of that school were his artistic heirs. He died in London on December 9, 1641.