Brueghel the Elder, Pieter, The Flight Into Egypt, 1553-7
Pieter Brueghel the Elder, Engraving, The Flight Into Egypt, 1553-7
|Artist:||Brueghel the Elder, Pieter (1525 - 1569)|
|Title:||The Flight Into Egypt, 1553-7|
|Reference:||B.15, Holl. 15|
|Image Size:||16 1/8 in x 12 3/4 in (41 cm x 32.4 cm)|
|Sheet Size:||16 1/8 in x 12 3/4 in (41 cm x 32.4 cm)|
|Framed Size:||33 3/8 in x 29 5/8 in (84.8 cm x 75.2 cm)|
|Signed:||The signature of Bruegel is inscribed in the lower right: 'brueghel inue| H. cock excud.'|
|Edition:||Engraved under Brueghel's direction by Jan and Lucas van Duetecum, this work is a State B impression. This work is printed on a fine, laid paper with unidentified counter watermark 'A.'|
|Condition:||A wonderful, warm impression with delicate printing and light plate tone; minor marginal faults characteristic of works of this age; central vertical fold mostly only visible from back.|
Intricately detailed with beautiful line work, this piece depicts a serene landscape with tranquil figures seated in a moments rest. Drawing the viewer's eye into the picture through the use of variation in value, this work evokes a sense of atmosphere with the gradual transition of dark values in the front and light values in the distance.
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|Originally engraved in 1553-7, this exquisite landscape print was engraved under
Brueghel's direction by Jan and Lucas van Duetecum. Inscribed in the lower right:
'brueghel inue| H. cock excud,' this work is a State B impression. This work
is printed on a fine, laid paper with unidentified counter watermark 'A.'
Captured in a moments rest while in the midst of their flight into Egypt, a couple and their small baby sit in the lower left. The mother and child radiate with the lightness of their features, while contrasting deep shadows surround them. This piece is intricately shaded with a significant amount of hatched lines throughout the work, most noticeable in the trees and rocks in the foreground. Spanning back across the landscape, a forest of trees extend across the rocky outcrop with two waterfalls extending below. In a valley, small buildings are scattered with larger mountains across the horizon. The sky contains delicate clouds and four birds flying above this idealistic setting.
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Biography of Pieter Brueghel the Elder
Pieter Brueghel (1525-69), usually known as Pieter Brueghel the Elder to distinguish him from his elder son, was the first in a family of Flemish painters. You'll often find his name spelled as Bruegel (Pieter spelled it like that from 1559 onwards) or Breugel or Breughel.
He was born in Breda in the Duchy of Brabant, which is now part of The Netherlands but back then part of the Flanders.
Note: Flanders or Vlaanderen and the Netherlands (aka known as Holland) or Nederland share the same language. It's called Flemish, or "Vlaams" in Belgium and Dutch, or "Nederlands" in The Netherlands. And the name Holland, although it's often taken to mean the whole of the Netherlands, is really part of that country only, the area of the provinces called Zuid Holland and Noord Holland (South and North Holland).
Brueghel was accepted as a master in the Antwerp painters' guild in 1551, after being an apprentice of Coecke van Aelst, a leading Antwerp artist, sculptor, architect, and designer of tapestry and stained glass. Brueghel traveled to Italy in 1551 or 1552, completing a number of paintings, mostly landscapes, there. Returning home in 1553, he settled in Antwerp but ten years later moved permanently to Brussels. He married van Aelst's daughter, Mayken, in 1563. His paintings, including his landscapes and scenes of peasant life, stress the absurd and vulgar, yet are full of zest and fine detail. They also expose human weaknesses and follies. He was sometimes called the Peasant Brueghel. But it was in nature that he found his greatest inspiration. His mountain landscapes have few parallels in European art. Popular in his own day, Bruegel prints have remained consistently popular. Pieter Brueghel the Elder died in Brussels on Sept. 9, 1569.