Leger, Fernand, Les Deux Tournesols (The Two Sunflowers), 1954
Signed Fernand Leger, Lithograph, Les Deux Tournesols (The Two Sunflowers), 1954
|Artist:||Leger, Fernand (1881 - 1955)|
|Title:||Les Deux Tournesols (The Two Sunflowers), 1954|
Original Color Lithograph
|Image Size:||18 1/2 in x 15 1/8 in (47.2 cm x 38.4 cm)|
|Sheet Size:||20 in x 26 in (50.8 cm x 66 cm)|
|Framed Size:||40 1/4 in x 34 3/4 in (102.2 cm x 88.3 cm)|
|Signed:||This work is hand-signed by Fernand Léger (Argentan, 1881- Gif-sur-Yvette, 1955) in ink in the lower right margin; also signed 'FL-53' in the stone in black.|
|Edition:||Numbered 21/75 in pencil in the lower left margin; printed by Mourlot, Paris, published by Galerie Louise Leiris, Paris.|
|Condition:||This work is in great condition, with full margins and bright fresh colors.|
|Gallery Price: |
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|Combining elements of the abstract with elements of the natural, Léger
depicts sunflowers alongside stacked rectangles of varied sizes and colors.
He utilizes a bold color palette, contrasting black against rich, vibrant shades
of yellow, green, and orange. The sunflowers, composed of curving lines, appear
very much alive, reaching out toward the angular rectangles to the viewer's
right. The work appears somewhat topsy-turvy, and the viewer cannot quite distinguish
the ground from which the beautiful sunflowers emerge.
Created in 1954, this work was printed by Mourlot, Paris and published by Galerie Louise Leiris, Paris. Hand signed by Fernand Léger (Argentan, 1881- Gif-sur-Yvette, 1955) in ink in the lower right margin and signed 'FL-53' in the stone in black. This work is numbered 21/75 (from the total edition of 75) in pencil in the lower left margin.
Catalogue Raisonné & COA:
1. Saphire, Lawrence, Fernand Léger, The Complete Graphic Work, 1978, listed as cat no 135 on pgs 222-23, 285, another example from the same edition illustrated.
2. A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany this work.
About the Framing:
|Style:||20th Century French Modern Master, pochoir, ceramic and tapestries|
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Biography of Fernand Leger
French painter and designer. From c.1909 he participated in the Cubist movement. He is generally considered one of its major masters but his curvilinear and tubular forms (he was for a time called a 'tubist') contrasted with the fragmented forms preferred by Picasso and Braque. The First World War, during which he was gassed whilst serving as a stretcher-bearer, had a profound effect on Leger. His contact with men of different social classes and different walks of life came as a revelation: 'I was abruptly thrust into a reality which was both blinding and new,' he said. Henceforward he made it his ambition to create an art which should be accessible to all ranks of modem society.
In 1920 he met Le Corbusier and Ozenfant and in the early 1920s he was associated with their Purist movement. His paintings were static, with the precise and polished facture of machinery, and he had a fondness for including representations of mechanical parts.During the late 1920s and 1930s he also painted single objects isolated in space and sometimes blown up to gigantic size, In the inter-war years he expanded his range beyond easel painting, with murals and designs for the theatre and cinema. He was also busy as a teacher, notably at his own school, the Academie de I'Art Contemporain, and he traveled widely, making three visits to the USA in the 1930s. The connections he had made there stood him in good stead when he lived in America. During the Second World War he lived in the USA, teaching at Yale University, and at Mills College, California. Acrobats and cyclists were favorite subjects in his paintings of this time. From his return to France in 1945 his painting reflected more prominentlyhis political interest in the working classes. But its static, monumental style remained, with flat, unmodulated colours, heavy black contours, and a continuing concern with the contrast between cylindrical and rectilinear forms. in his later career Leger worked much on large decorative commissions, notably the windows and tapestries for the church at Audincourt (1951). Many honours came to him late in life, and a museum dedicated to him opened at Biot in France in 1957. In the catalogue of the exhibition Leger and Purist Paris' (Tate Gallery, London, 1970), John Golding wrote of Leger: 'No other major twentieth-century artist was to react to, and to reflect, such a wide range of artistic currents and movements . . . And yet he was to remain supremely independent as an artistic personality. Never at any moment in his career could he be described as a follower ... But his originality lay basically in his ability to adapt the ideas and to a certain extent even the visual discoveries of others to his own ends.' He saw the poetic value that lies in the clear delineation of everyday objects, the in trinsic beauty of modem machinery and the things which are mass-produced by machinery, and he favoured proletarian subjects, depicting them with the same clarity and precision as the themes taken from machine culture.