Rembrandt, Harmensz van Rijn, Old Beggar Woman with Gourd, c. 1630
Harmensz van Rijn Rembrandt, Etching, Old Beggar Woman with Gourd, c. 1630
|Artist:||Rembrandt, Harmensz van Rijn (1606 - 1669)|
|Title:||Old Beggar Woman with Gourd, c. 1630|
|Reference:||B.168, H.80, N.-U.1|
|Image Size:||4 1/8 in x 13/4 in (10.3 cm x 4.6 cm)|
|Sheet Size:||4 1/2 in x 2 1/4 in (11.4 cm x 5.7 cm)|
|Edition:||According to Nowell-Usticke, this work is an intermediate State I (of I); Biörklund's State II (of II); White and Boon's State II (of II); printed on a fine laid paper.|
|Condition:||A superb, rich impression; in excellent condition with a visible plate mark.|
|24 Hour Sale:||40% Off: $4,800|
Rembrandt creates a stark contrast between light and dark in this etching, with the woman's back turned toward the viewer. We cannot discern where the woman is or what she is doing, but she appears alone and somewhat helpless, a subject evoking human compassion.
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|Enveloped in partial darkness and clad in ragged clothes, the old beggar woman
turns away from the viewer. Rembrandt's striking use of black against white
denies the viewer a glimpse at the woman's face while allowing the viewer to
notice the unusual gourd attached to the woman's back, providing a container
for water. The viewer cannot discern where the woman is or what she is doing,
but she appears alone and somewhat helpless, a subject worthy of human compassion.
Created in c. 1630, this original etching is printed on a fine laid paper. According to Nowell-Usticke, this work is an intermediate State I (of I); Biörklund's State II (of II); White and Boon's State II (of II). This work is stated by Nowell-Usticke to be an uncommon work with approximately 125-225 known impressions (Usticke 12, B 168).
Catalogue Raisonné & COA:
1. Bartsch. The Illustrated Bartsch Vol. 50. Edited by Stephanie S. Dickey.
New York: Abaris Books, 1981. Illustrated as catalogue raisonné no. 168
(another example illustrated).
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Biography of Harmensz van Rijn Rembrandt
Rembrandt was born in Leiden and died in Amsterdam. He was the son of a miller and a baker's daughter, and was originally intended to become a scholar. He went to Latin School and then enrolled at the University of Leiden. After only a year he left to become apprenticed from 1622 to 1624 to a mediocre Leiden painter, Jacob van Swanenburgh. More important for his artistic development, however, was the short period of about six months that he spent training under Pieter Lastman in Amsterdam. In 1625 he began a working association with his friend Jan Lievens in Leiden, finally moving to Amsterdam in 1631/32. In the history of Dutch painting this date represents an important milestone, as Rembrandt was to become the incomparable representative of Amsterdam art. He soon established himself in Amsterdam, received many commissions and opened a large workshop. In 1634 he married Saskia, a lawyer's daughter, who brought a considerable dowry into the marriage.
In 1639 he bought a large house, never quite paid for, which he filled with works of art and curios. Soon his passion for collecting exceeded his finances. In 1642, the year he painted "The Night Watch" Saskia died, and from 1649 he lived with Hendrickje Stoffels whom he could not marry without losing Saskia's legacy to their son Titus. In 1656 he went bankrupt, and his house and all possessions were put up for compulsory auction. Rembrandt spent his final years in poverty and isolation in rooms on the outskirts of Amsterdam, his powers of creation undiminished.
Rembrandt was the most universal artist of his time and he influenced painting for half a century, irrespective of schools or regional style. From his many fields of activity his pupils developed their own specialties, ranging from trompe l'oeil painting to the very detailed Leiden style. Unlike most Dutch painters of the time, who worked in fairly narrow fields, Rembrandt depicted almost every type of subject.
Although Amsterdam's leading portraitist for a decade ("Jan Six", Amsterdam, Foundation Six), also doing group portraits (The Staalmeesters," he was a painter of numerous biblical scenes ("The Sacrifice of Isacc," St. Petersburgh, Hermitage), of the mythological works works ("Philemon and Baucis", Washington, National Gallery) and landscapes ("Landscape in Thunders Brunswik, Herzog-Utrich-Museum) as well at life. In his work, branches of painting often overlapped, as for example in the group portrait "The Night Watch," where he took liberties with a number of rules. Rembrandt's fame rests on his continual development of pictorial devices and unvarying excellence of execution (unlike the works of Rubens, man which were left in part to workshop routine), a well as on his brilliant handling of light and shade and his ability to suggest states of mind through facial expression.
Apart from his greatness as a painter he was a powerful draughtsman and etcher. About 300 of these Rembrandt etchings survive. In this field he extended the technique and artistic possibilities, for example introducing the chiaroscuro effect, raising it to an art for in its own right. Amongst his approximately 15 drawings, the landscape scenes are particularly captivating in their serenity and harmony. Rembrandt's The Hundred Guilder Print is one of his most valuable and sought after etchings.