Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Le chapeau épinglé (Pinned Hat)
|Artist:||Renoir, Pierre-Auguste (1841 - 1919)|
|Title:||Le chapeau épinglé (Pinned Hat)|
Original Drypoint Renoir Etching
|Image Size:||4.5 in x 3.25 in (11.4 cm x 8.25 cm)|
|Sheet Size:||8.3 in x 5.9 in (21 cm x 15 cm)|
|Framed Size:||23 in x 21 1/2 in (58.42 cm x 54.61 cm)|
|Edition:||From the 2nd state of the Third Version of the plate, published in La Vie Artistique by Gustave Geffroy (Dentu: Paris, 1894)|
|Condition:||This work is in excellent condition, with evidence of burr and a strong, visible plate mark|
|Gallery Price: |
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|Historical Description of This Work:|
Depicting a serene view of two young women posing for their portrait, this extremely delicate work expresses the beauty and elegance of Renoir’s portraiture.
Created c. 1894, this work is from the troisième planche, or Third Version of the plate (the prior two feature the girls facing in the opposite direction with much less detail) . Hand signed in the plate by Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841 – 1919) in the lower left of the image, this print is from the second state of two and presumably a lifetime impression. Featured in the 1894 publication of La Vie Artistique by Gustave Geffroy and also in the 1921 work, Renoir et ses Amis by Georges Rivière.
Noted by Stella, “As the subtitle explains, Berthe Morisot’s daughter, Julie Manet, and her cousin are the models for this subject.” The two figures are delicately composed with detail of the hatched lines throughout the work. Seated in elegant dresses and wearing large hats with ribbons on them, the face of only one figure is visible while the other is obscured with her back to the viewer. Looking away from us in contemplation while having her hat adjusted, the left figure appears to sit back in space through the use of lighter values. With her back to us, the right figure appears as though she is closer, with more line work and stronger values throughout her hair and hat. Wonderfully executed, this work is a strong example of the impressionist reflection on life as that of light and beauty.
Catalogue Raisonné & COA:
1) Delteil, L. (1999) . Pierre-Auguste Renoir, L’œuvre Gravé et Lithographié, San Francisco: Alan Wofsy Fine Arts. Listed and illustrated as catalogue raisonné no. 8 on pg. 17 (2nd state, Third Version) . Detailed on pg. 16.
2) The Graphic Work of Renoir, by Joseph G. Stella, references as Stella 6.
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Pierre-Auguste Renoir Biography
French painter born in Limoges, died in Cagnes. He was the son of a tailor. In 1845 his family moved to Paris. Between 1856 and 1859 he took an apprenticeship and then worked as a porcelain painter, also taking evening classes in drawing. Renoir then studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. He was a fellow student of Monet, Sisley and Bazille; he went on summer painting trips with them to Chailly and Fountainbleau. He studied the eighteenth century paintings in the Louvre and also met Corot, Millet and Diaz. In 1864 his work was first accepted at the Salon. During the 1870s he painted with Monet at Argenteuil and elsewhere, and came to know Cezanne, Degas, and Pissarro. In 1874 his work was included in the first Impressionist exhibition (and in three of the subsequent seven.) He had little public success but was patronized by Caillebotte, Chocquet and others. From the late 1870s on he enjoyed increased success at the Salons, especially with portraiture. Eventually, he became dissatisfied with Impressionism and felt renewed admiration for Ingres, Raphael and eighteenth-century art. During the 1880s he worked increasingly in the south of France. Renoir's early work as a porcelain painter reflects two constant characteristics of his art: an enormous natural facility and a dedication to eighteenth century standards of decoration and craftsmanship. Apart from the personality of his brushwork, the main distinction of his 1870s Impressionism was his preoccupation with the figure as subject matter and particularly with the gay vitality of Parisian life. Less rigorously introspective than Monet, he made his reputation at the Salons from the late 1870s with a series of fashionable portraits. Here his dexterity was combined with anecdotal charm. many of the sculptures he made at the end of his life are direct transpositions of painted motifs. These were largely made by an assistant (a pupil of Maillol), Renoir's own hands being almost crippled with arthritis. ¹
¹ Phaidon Dictionary of Twentieth Century Art.
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