Chagall, Marc, L’Odyssée II: Ulysse et Euryclée (Odyssey II – Ulysses and Euryclea), 1975
|Artist:||Chagall, Marc (1887 - 1985)|
|Title:||L’Odyssée II: Ulysse et Euryclée (Odyssey II – Ulysses and Euryclea), 1975|
Original Color Chagall Lithograph
|Image Size:||15 1/2 in x 12 in (39.37 cm x 30.48 cm)|
|Sheet Size:||21.3 in x 15.2 in (54 cm x 38.5 cm)|
|Framed Size:||30 1/2 in x 24 1/2 in (77.47 cm x 62.23 cm)|
|Signed:||Hand signed by Marc Chagall (Vitebsk, 1887- Saint-Paul, 1985) in pencil in the lower right margin|
|Edition:||Numbered 21/30 in pencil in the lower left margin; out of the edition of 30 printed on Japon paper and numbered in roman numerals (there is also an unsigned edition of 250 with small margins printed on Arches wove paper)|
|Condition:||This work is in excellent condition, a wonderful impression with vibrant, saturated colors|
|Gallery Price: |
|SOLD, but we have similar works in our Chagall collection!|
|Historical Description of This Work:|
This bold and colorful scene, illustrated by Chagall (Vitebsk, 1887- Saint-Paul, 1985), tells the tale of a mother and son who are reunited again after years apart. Its passionate and animated qualities of the characters give this piece a whole new meaning and lively quality usually attributed to the mythical tales of the Odyssey.
This work was created on June 20, 1975 as part of a series of illustrations done by Chagall (Vitebsk, 1887- Saint-Paul, 1985) for the second volume of Homer's The Odyssey. In addition to the book illustrations, there were 30 numbered and signed proofs printed by Mourlot of all the color plates featured in the volume. This piece is numbered 21/30 in pencil in the lower left margin and hand-signed by Marc Chagall (Vitebsk, 1887- Saint-Paul, 1985) in the lower right margin. Published by Mourlot, Paris.
The joyous reunion featured here between Mother and Son is depicted in a heartfelt and emotional scene, full of color and warmth. Euryclea is knelt down before Ulysses and begins to wash his feet and only to recognizes her son by a childhood scar she notices at the crook of his knee. What ensues is a fulfilling and wondrous drama recounted by Homer in his epic, The Odyssey. Chagall (Vitebsk, 1887- Saint-Paul, 1985) recreates this imagery perfectly as he is able to capture both the essence and spirit of each of the characters with his use of muted browns and bright, lime greens which radiate a glowing hues of yellow and shimmering white.
Catalogue Raisonné & COA:
1. Cramer, Patrick. Marc Chagall, The Illustrated Books: Catalogue Raisonné, Geneva, 1995. Listed as cat. no. 96 on pg. 276 and illustrated on pg. 283.
2. Gauss, Ulrike ed. Marc Chagall - The Lithographs, Frankfurt, 1960. Listed and illustrated as cat. no. 811 on pg. 336.
3. Sorlier, Charles. Chagall Lithographs, 1974-1979, New York, 1984. Listed and illustrated as cat. no. 811 on pg. 87. Detailed on pg. 61.
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Marc Chagall Biography
Marc Chagall was born July 7, 1887, in Vitebsk, Russia. From 1907 to 1910, he studied in Saint Petersburg, at the Imperial Society for the Protection of the Arts and later with Léon Bakst. In 1910, he moved to Paris, where he associated with Guillaume Apollinaire and Robert Delaunay and encountered Fauvism and Cubism. He participated in the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon d'Automne in 1912. His first solo show was held in 1914 at Der Sturm gallery in Berlin.
Chagall visited Russia in 1914, and was prevented from returning to Paris by the outbreak of war. He settled in Vitebsk, where he was appointed Commissar for Art in 1918. He founded the Vitebsk Popular Art School and directed it until disagreements with the Suprematists resulted in his resignation in 1920. He moved to Moscow and executed his first stage designs for the State Jewish Chamber Theater there. After a sojourn in Berlin, Chagall returned to Paris in 1923 and met Ambroise Vollard. His first retrospective took place in 1924 at the Galerie Barbazanges-Hodebert, Paris. During the 1930s, he traveled to Palestine, the Netherlands, Spain, Poland, and Italy. In 1933, the Kunsthalle Basel held a major retrospective of his work.
During World War II, Chagall fled to the United States. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, gave him a retrospective in 1946. He settled permanently in France in 1948 and exhibited in Paris, Amsterdam, and London. During 1951, he visited Israel and executed his first sculptures. The following year, the artist traveled in Greece and Italy. During the 1960s, Chagall continued to travel widely, often in association with large-scale commissions he received. Among these were windows for the synagogue of the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, installed in 1962; a ceiling for the Paris Opéra, installed in 1964; a window for the United Nations building, New York, installed in 1964; murals for the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, installed in 1967; and windows for the cathedral in Metz, France, installed in 1968. An exhibition of the artist's work from 1967 to 1977 was held at the Musée du Louvre, Paris, in 1977-78, and a major retrospective was held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in 1985. During his lifetime he also created popular lithographs, such as Maternity. Chagall died March 28, 1985, in Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France.
"When Matisse dies," Pablo Picasso remarked, "Chagall will be the only painter left who understands what color really is." Picasso claimed he was not a fan of the "flying violins and all the folklore, but his canvases are really painted, not just thrown together." He followed up by saying, "There's never been anybody since Renoir who has the feeling for light that Chagall has."
The Museum of Biblical Art describes The Bible Chagall prints as showing "Chagall's fluid forms, dreamlike sense of space and unique style. In his choice of subject matter, Chagall reveals his reading of the Old Testament in its moments of triumph, sorrow, and prophecy."
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